TOP ADVENTURE - Best of the Great Mountain Parks in
Indonesia Mount Tambora Sumbawa
The travel starts early in the morning from the neighbor island,
Lombok, on a 2-hour drive through the winding countryside and the
rice paddy fields, with the magnificent view of Mount Rinjani, the
second volcanic peak of Indonesia.
After a 2-hour ferry cross, arrive at Poto Tano, the entry of
Sumbawa from the West. The drive continued to Sumbawa Besar, the
principal town of the island where an overnight stay at simple hotel
in the town is a need.
The next day, start to drive the island of Sumbawa along the arid
mountainous countryside up to the Tambora peninsular with stop at
Dompu, a little town a half-way to Pancasila Village .
The first four hour, the route is fantastic before the drive goes on
the bumpy dirt road in the last 4-hour trip.
After breakfast, swap the Toyota Kijang with a local 4x4 WD to reach
the entry of Mount Tambora , where the ruins of the lost
civilization were found by and in the former Dutch official coffee
After visiting the display, start the 3day-2night trek to the summit
(see the itinerary). After enjoying the three-day trek, return to
The travel to the site and back takes between seven to eight days
depending on the type of transport you use from Lombok (either on
private transport with 30 to 40 percent of costs to rise or on
public transport in which you will be accompanied by our tour guide
along the journey).
Current Elevation : 9,123 feet (2,851 m)
Prior to Explosion : 13,440 feet (4,200 m)
Mount Tambora is located in Sumbawa Island , an island of the Lesser
Sundas (15,437 square km), Indonesia along the Sunda Arc. It lies
about 188 miles behind the Sunda Trench, and the subduction zone in
that area has a shallow dip and is less than 125 miles deep beneath
Mount Tambora. Mount Tambora might have been inactive for as long as
5,000 years before its 1815 erruption.
Increases in steam and small phreatic eruptions proceeded the
eruption for at least six months and probably up to three years.
On April 5, 1815, a moderately large explosion eruption occured. Ash
fell in East Java and thunder-like sounds were heard up to 875 miles
(1,400 km) away. About 150 cubic kilometers of ash were erupted
(about 150 times more than 1980 eruption of Mounst St. Helens). The
eruption column reached a height of about 44 km. The collapse of the
eruption column produced numerous pyroclastic flows. As these
pyroclastic flows reached the ocean where they caused additional
On April 10, 1815, a larger eruption occurred and lasted until April
15. Volcanic explosively index: 7 (max. 8 – Mount Toba in Sumatra,
Indonesia ), ejected an estimated 50 – 100 kg of melted rock, a
caldera formed that measured 4.375 miles
(7 km) in diameter, earthquakes were felt 312.5 miles (500 km) away.
In Java the day was darkened by clouds of ashes, thrown from the
mountain to that great distance ( 500 miles or 500 km), and the
houses, streets, and fields, were covered to the depth of several
inches with the ashes that fell from the air.
The heat triggered ( 800°C ) a dreadful whirlwind which blew down
nearly every house in the village. The sea rose nearly twelve feet
above the highest tide-mark, sweeping any houses, trees, everything
within its reach. This whirlwind lasted about an hour.
YEAR WITHOUT SUMMER 1816 - the effect of the biggest volcanic
catastrophe in the history
Famine was widespread due to crop failure, and crop prices rose
EUROPE AND SWITZERLAND
Europe suffered from food shortages and Switzerland declared a
Historians cite this year as the primary motivation for rapid
settlement of the American Midwest.
The excessive weather conditions forced Mary Shelley to stay indoors
and write Frankenstein.
The eruption killed about 92,000 people; about 10,000 people died
immediately from tephra falls, pyroclastic flows, etc. , about
82,000 people died later due to starvation, disease, etc., and the
death throughout the world is predicted reach the amount of 48,000
people caused by starvation and disease due to the resulting climate
change. All the vegetation on several nearby islands were destroyed.
The eruption sent the enormous of volcanic ash into the atmosphere,
and weather patterns worldwide were altered. Much of the northen
hemisphire experienced cooler temperatures in the following summer;
global temperatures were lowered by as much as 3 degrees C. The
reason of a year without summer after 104 years questioned.
Probably when the European Farmers particularly in Germany started
to smile after the crop failure caused by the volcano, IT WAS THE
START OF THE BAUER FEST.
How was the weather in the area surrounding Indonesia and in the
southern hemisphere affected by the explosion.
COME to Sumbawa Island Indonesia and come for a learning travel to
the historical Mount Tambora .
THE CURRENT MOUNT TAMBORA
Gunung Tambora dominates the northern peninsula of Sumbawa Island
Indonesia . It is heavily wooded, and surrounded by a thick belt of
rain forest, a strange contrast to the aridity of the remainder of
the peninsula. The slope of Gunung Tambora is also the preserve
region for genuine wild animal of the island; Banteng (oxen),
Sumbawa Deer and the barking deer
TRIP TO MOUNT TAMBORA (Travel for Learning and the Monument Visit)
The ascent that starts from the footpath at Pancasila Village takes
three days; however it may take longer depending on the purpose of
trip and your point of origin.
TAMBORA TREKKING ITINERARY: Subject to Change
Day 1: Lombok Airport – Bukit Senggigi Hotel
Arrived at Lombok airport, we will pick you up and directly transfer
to Senggigi Hotel ( Bukit Sengggigi Hotel )
Day 2: Senggigi Hotel – Sumbawa – Pancasila Village (the gate of
Early Morning at 6 o'clock, we drive to east of Lombok" Labuan
Lombok harbor" then cross by Ferry to
Sumbawa island " Poto Tano harbor". arrive in Poto Tani then
continue drive to sumbawa Besar city,
stop over for lunch. after lunch then continue drive to Pancasila
village" in the bottom of tambora mountain". 7 pm arrive in
pancasila village then overnight in simple Sinar Kedindi Bungalow.
Day 3: Tambora Trekking
Breakfast, prepare the food and meet the porter then we start trek
to up to post II ( 1900m above sea
level ), we will arrive at Post II around 05.00 pm for overnight.
Day 4: Tambora Summit – Sumbawa Hotel
After have a light breakfast at 04.00 am, than at 05.00 we go up to
the Top of Mount Tambora (2850m
a.s.l). After take a picture than we go down to Pancasila village to
have Lunch. Drive to Sumbawa besar,
then Overnight in Tambora hotel.
Day 5: Sumbawa Hotel – Senggigi Hotel
After Breakfast make city tour, visiting Dalam Loka Palace, yellow
house ( the private museum of the
king sumbawa ) then head to Poto Tano harbor for Lombok island.
Arrived Senggigi in the afternoon.
Day 6: Senggigi Hotel – Fly out – End Tour.
- Tent and sleeping bag.
- Foods and drinks (mineral water )
- Guide ASSISTANT During the trips.
- All land and sea transportations
- Entrance fees.
- 2 Nights saty at Senggii Hotel
- Alcoholic beverages.
- Tips for porters and guide.
- Other personal expenses.
Wear long trouser and long sleeved-shirts ! The temperature on the
summit may reach 10 degrees C. Nettles and leeches on the woods
For Further Information and reservation, please